Sustainability: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs – Brundtland report.

Environmental, economic and social sustainability objectives need to be established clearly with a client in order to provide a framework for the designers. This approach will result in specific design characteristics for a particular building.

Environmental sustainability needs a lifecycle approach to be followed whereby the environmental impacts of construction, occupation and changed use over time are all accounted for.

1. Adaptable designs that increase the buildings longevity and value.

2. Unlocking whole life value.

3. Buildings that exploit passive solar energy for space heating, solar hot water and/or create their own self sufficient microclimate.

4. Use of recycled materials from sustainable and local sources.

5. Where appropriate to promote the use of retained buildings and structures.

6. To promote modern methods of construction (MMC).

7. Demonstration of sensitivity to the beneficial and detrimental effects of macroclimate and local microclimate through siting and organisation.

8. Energy efficiency better than regulation standards while ensuring thermal comfort levels.

9. Reduction of overall energy consumption and running costs through careful design of the building fabric, mechanical and electrical systems, passive solar design and solar orientation and building management systems.

10. The creation of indoor environments that respond positively to our main senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste.

11. Use of low-embodied energy materials where appropriate and low carbon or carbon sequestrating materials where possible.

12. Where possible, to encourage the use of natural ventilation/air supply.

13. Water saving and retention in the building and landscape to reduce demand upon the local infrastructure.

14. To encourage use of appropriate environmental assessment methods. (BREEAM, Passivehaus, CSH etc).

15. Where appropriate, to investigate the use of national and EU schemes for specific funding of aspects of the design.

16. Preservation of the natural environment.

17. Low maintenance.

18. To promote access to public transportation, cycling and low car use.

19. To promote the use of off-site manufacture and component assembly.

20. Encouraging biodiversity and ecology.